Kenyon College’s Sexual Misconduct and Harassment Policy: Title IX, VAWA, Title VII applies to all forms of sexual and gender-based discrimination, harassment and violence, intimate partner violence, stalking, bullying and retaliation.
The College is committed to fostering a climate free from sexual and gender-based discrimination, harassment and violence, intimate partner violence and stalking through clear and effective policies, a coordinated education and prevention program, and prompt and equitable procedures for resolution of reports of conduct prohibited under this policy. The College encourages all members of its community to participate in the process of creating a safe, welcoming and respectful environment on campus.
Sexual and gender-based discrimination, harassment and violence, intimate partner violence and stalking, in any form, are violations of College and community standards and values, and will not be tolerated at Kenyon. The College is committed to taking all appropriate steps to eliminate prohibited conduct, prevent its recurrence and address its effects. Individuals found responsible under this policy may face disciplinary sanctions up to and including dismissal from the College and/or termination of employment.
The College will not tolerate retaliation against an individual who makes a report or participates in any proceedings under this policy. Kenyon College policy prohibits any form of retaliation and community members engaging in retaliation will be subject to disciplinary action, whether such acts are implicit or explicit, or committed directly or indirectly.
This policy provides the Kenyon community with (1) resources and recourse for individuals who experience prohibited conduct, (2) guidance to a reporting party, complainant, respondent or other affected community members (see note 1 for definitions), (3) Kenyon’s expectations for healthy respectful interpersonal interaction and communication, and (4) a procedural outline for addressing behaviors that are counter to Kenyon’s mission and prohibited by this policy.
All College proceedings under this policy are conducted in compliance with the requirements of Title IX, the Clery Act, as amended by the Violence Against Women Act, the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), and state and federal law. No information shall be released from such proceedings except as required or permitted by law and College policy.
This policy applies to all students, faculty, staff, administrators, groups, members of the Board of Trustees, consultants, vendors, volunteers, others engaged in business with the College, guests and visitors. Every individual is responsible for acting in accordance with this policy and other College policies and procedures. Any individual can be a reporting party or complainant, even if the complaint the person is making regarding prohibited conduct is against someone who has brought a complaint against that person.
This policy specifically prohibits Sexual Harassment, Sex/Gender Discrimination, Harassment on the Basis of Sex/Gender, Non-Consensual Sexual Intercourse, Non-Consensual Sexual Contact, Sexual Exploitation, Stalking, Physical Harm and Intimidation, Harassment, Bullying and Cyberbullying, Intimate Partner Violence and Retaliation (together, “Prohibited Conduct,” see note 2) against individuals of any gender, gender identity, gender expression or sexual orientation. This policy also prohibits gender-based harassment that does not involve conduct of a sexual nature, including hazing and failure to provide equal opportunities in admissions, employment or athletics.
While the College prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of other protected traits, these traits are protected by other College policies. Discrimination or harassment on the basis of age, race, color, national origin, ancestry, religion, medical condition, genetic information, veteran status, marital status, or any other characteristic protected by institutional policy or state, local, or federal law are protected by the College’s Discrimination and Discriminatory Harassment Policy. Discrimination or discriminatory harassment on the basis of disability is covered in the Grievance Procedures for the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (further information is available on Kenyon's ADA Student Policy webpage and the ADA Employee and Visitor Policy webpage).
This policy applies to all forms of Prohibited Conduct that:
Regardless of whether off-campus behavior meets any of the above characteristics, the College may hold individuals and groups responsible for off-campus behavior that is prohibited by the Student, Staff or Faculty Handbooks.
Regardless of when, where or with whom the conduct occurred, the College will offer resources and assistance to any individuals who have been affected by Prohibited Conduct.
Kenyon College supports the free exchange of ideas in the academic enterprise and shall interpret this policy in a way that protects such an exchange.
Kenyon College does not discriminate in its educational programs and activities on the basis of age, race, color, national origin, ancestry, sex, gender, gender identity, gender expression, sexual orientation, disability, religion, medical condition, genetic information, veteran status, marital status, or any other characteristic protected by institutional policy or state, local, or federal law. The requirement of non-discrimination in educational programs and activities extends to employment and admission.
Sex discrimination is prohibited by Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, a federal law that provides that: No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
Prohibited Conduct under this policy is also prohibited under the Clery Act as amended by VAWA, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Ohio Revised Code Chapter 4112, and other applicable statutes, regulations and administrative code provisions.
The College has designated Samantha Hughes as the Title IX Coordinator. The Title IX Coordinator will be informed of all non-confidential reports of Prohibited Conduct, and will manage the College’s centralized review, investigation, and resolution of those reports to ensure the College’s compliance with Title IX and the effective implementation of this policy. All references to actions by the Title IX Coordinator may be performed by the Title IX Coordinator or a designee.
The Title IX Coordinator is:
Inquiries or complaints concerning the application of Title IX may be referred to the College’s Title IX Coordinator and/or the United States Department of Education:
Title IX Coordinator
Eaton North 258
740-427-5820 | email@example.com
Office for Civil Rights, Cleveland Office
U.S. Department of Education
1350 Euclid Avenue, Suite 325
Cleveland, OH 44115
216-522-4970; 216-522-2573 (fax) | OCR.Cleveland@ed.gov
Privacy and confidentiality have distinct meanings under this policy.
Privacy generally means that information related to a report of Prohibited Conduct will only be shared with those College employees who “need to know” in order to assist in the active review, investigation, or resolution of the report, including the issuance of interim measures. Kenyon College will determine which employees have a legitimate need to know about individual conduct complaints pursuant to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and will share information accordingly.
Kenyon College may notify the parents or guardians of any dependent students who are respondents regarding conduct charges or sanctions, particularly disciplinary probation, loss of housing, suspension and dismissal.
Confidentiality means that information shared by an individual with designated campus or community professionals cannot be revealed to any other individual without express permission of the individual or as otherwise permitted or required by law. These designated professionals have the right to maintain privileged conversations under state law. Confidential resources include medical professionals, mental health professionals, certified rape crisis or domestic violence counselors and clergy.
Limits to confidentiality include:
The resources designated below can provide counseling, information, and support under confidentiality protections. These confidential resources will not share information about a reporting party, complainant, or respondent (including whether or not that individual has received services) with the Title IX Coordinator or any other employee of the College without the individual’s express permission or as permitted or required above (Limits to Confidentiality).
Kenyon College Cox Health and Counseling Center
104 W. Scott Lane, M-F, 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (closed through lunch)
Health Center: 740-427-5525
Counseling Center: 740-427-5643
The center offers individual counseling, group counseling and outreach activities, crisis intervention to students and also health services. After business hours, call Campus Safety at 740-427-5000, and ask to be connected with a counselor or nurse practitioner.
Marc Bragin, College Chaplain
New Directions: The Domestic Abuse Center of Knox County
24-hour hotline: 740-397-4357
Knox County Victims' Assistance
The College prohibits a broad spectrum of behavior, including all forms of sexual and gender-based discrimination, harassment and violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence. The following conduct is specifically prohibited under this policy:
Sexual Harassment is any unwelcome sexual advance, request for sexual favors, or other unwanted verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when one or more of the following conditions are present:
A single incident of Sexual Harassment alone may create a hostile environment if the incident is sufficiently severe. The more severe the conduct, the less need there is to show a pattern of incidents to create a hostile environment. The determination of whether an environment is “hostile” will be based on the totality of the circumstances, including, but not limited to:
Sexual Harassment can take many forms. Sexual Harassment:
Discrimination occurs when a behavior or policy has the purpose or effect of restricting or denying an individual’s or group’s access to opportunities, programs, or resources in relation to sex, gender, gender identity, gender expression, or sexual orientation in a manner that interferes with an individual’s working, academic, residential, or social environment or athletic participation or performance.
Examples of discrimination include but are not limited to:
When these or other forms of discrimination are based on sex, gender, gender identity, gender expression or sexual orientation, the conduct will be resolved under this policy.
Discrimination on the basis of sex/gender in employment is permissible in situations where sex/gender is a bona fide occupational qualification reasonably necessary to the normal operation of the College. Note that the federal regulations regarding Title IX include certain exceptions, such as single-gender housing, athletic participation and chorus participation, that do not constitute Sex/Gender Discrimination. These limited permissible exceptions, found in Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 106, will be considered when determining whether Prohibited Conduct occurred under this Policy.
Harassment on the basis of sex/gender is any unwanted verbal or physical conduct on the basis of sex, gender, gender identity, gender expression, or sexual orientation when one or more of the following conditions is present:
The determination as to whether a hostile environment exists is based on the totality of the circumstances, including but not limited to:
Examples of harassment on the basis of sex/gender include but are not limited to:
Non-Consensual Sexual Intercourse is defined as having or attempting to have sexual intercourse with another individual without Consent (see section VII.):
Penetrative examples of sexual intercourse include but may not be limited to: vaginal or anal penetration, however slight, with a body part (e.g., penis, tongue, finger, hand) or object, or oral penetration involving mouth to genital contact or mouth to anus contact.
Non-penetrative examples of sexual intercourse may include, but may not be limited to: exposed genitals rubbing against each other, rubbing one’s exposed genitalia against parts of another individual’s body, or rubbing another’s exposed genitalia.
Non-Consensual Sexual Contact is defined as having sexual contact with another individual without Consent (see section VII.)
Sexual contact includes any intentional touching of the intimate parts of another, causing another to touch one's intimate parts, or disrobing or exposure of another without permission. Intimate parts may include the breasts, genitals, buttocks, groin, mouth or any other part of the body that is touched in a sexual manner. Sexual contact may be over the clothes or skin-to-skin.
Sexual Exploitation is knowingly, intentionally or purposefully taking advantage of the sexuality of another person without consent or in a manner that extends the bounds of consensual sexual activity without the knowledge of the other individual for any purpose, including sexual gratification, financial gain, or personal benefit. Examples of Sexual Exploitation include:
Stalking occurs when a person engages in a course of conduct or repeatedly commits acts toward another person, under circumstances that demonstrate either of the following:
Cyber-stalking is a particular form of stalking in which electronic media such as the internet, social networks, blogs, cell phones, texts, or other similar devices or forms of contact are used. Cyber-stalking is considered stalking under this policy if it meets either of the conditions above.
Physical harm and/or intimidation include threatening, or causing physical harm, written or verbal abuse or other conduct that threatens or endangers the health or safety of any person; or implied threats or acts that cause an unreasonable fear of harm in another. Examples include but are not limited to: hitting, choking, or otherwise contacting another person in a physically aggressive manner. These acts may be directed at the individual and/or the individual's property and possessions. When these acts occur in the context of a romantic or sexual encounter, or intimate partner violence or when the behavior is perpetrated on the basis of sex or gender, the conduct will be resolved under this policy. A finding of responsibility will result in suspension, dismissal or termination of employment. When a student is found responsible for a violation of this policy, the recommended sanction is a minimum of one semester suspension from the College.
Harassment, bullying or cyberbullying are defined as repeated and/or severe aggressive behavior likely to intimidate, threaten, or intentionally hurt, control or diminish another person, physically or mentally that includes, but is not limited to: creating web pages with a negative focus; posting insults or lewd photos on social networking sites; and/or spreading rumors with malicious intent. When these acts occur in the context of a romantic or sexual encounter or intimate partner violence, or when the behavior is perpetrated on the basis of sex or gender, the conduct will be resolved under this policy.
Intimate Partner Violence (including dating violence and domestic violence) includes any act of violence or threatened act of violence that occurs between individuals who are involved or have been involved in a sexual, dating, spousal, domestic, or other intimate relationship. Intimate Partner Violence may include any form of Prohibited Conduct under this policy. When a student is found responsible for a violation of this policy, the recommended sanction is a minimum of one semester suspension from the College.
The College will evaluate the existence of an intimate relationship based upon the reporting party's statements and taking into consideration the length of the relationship, the type of relationship, and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.
Retaliation is any attempt to take an adverse action against or seek retribution from any individual or group of individuals involved in the investigation and/or resolution of a report under this policy. Retaliation can take many forms, including, but not limited to: social aggression, damage to property, abuse, violence, threats, and intimidation.
Retaliation may also include attempting to interfere with an investigation. This may include attempting to influence a witness, trying to alter evidence, and/or presenting knowingly false information in an investigation.
Conduct not typically considered retaliation includes, but may not be limited to, making an allegation of misconduct, filing a complaint, serving as a witness, assisting a complainant or respondent,or otherwise participating in an investigation and/or resolution of alleged conduct as defined in this policy. Having a difference of opinion and/or dislike of another person’s participation does not constitute Retaliation.
Any individual or group of individuals, including but not limited to, a complainant or respondent, can be held accountable for retaliation under this policy.
When a student is found responsible for a violation of this policy, the recommended sanction is a minimum of one semester suspension from the College.
Individuals who choose to engage in sexual activity of any type with each other must first obtain clear consent. Consent is clear, knowing, and voluntary permission. It can only be given by someone of legal age. Consent is demonstrated through mutually understandable words or actions that clearly indicate a willingness to engage freely in sexual activity. Silence cannot be assumed to indicate consent. Some additional considerations about consent include:
In the State of Ohio, the age of majority is 18. Under state law, consent cannot be given by any individual under the age of 16 to participate in sexual activity with an individual over the age of 18. In addition, consent can never be given by minors under the age of 13.
Force is the use or threat of physical violence or intimidation to overcome an individual’s freedom of will to choose whether or not to participate in sexual activity. There is no requirement that a party resists the sexual advance or request. Consent cannot be obtained by Force.
Coercion is the use of unreasonable pressure to compel another individual to initiate or continue sexual activity against an individual’s will. Coercion can include a wide range of behaviors, including intimidation, manipulation, threats and blackmail. Coercion may be emotional, intellectual, psychological or moral.
Examples of coercion include, but are not limited to, threatening to disclose another individual’s private sexual information and threatening to harm oneself if the other party does not engage in the sexual activity. Coercing an individual into engaging in sexual activity violates this policy in the same way as physically forcing someone into engaging in sexual activity. Consent cannot be obtained by Coercion.
An individual who is incapacitated lacks the ability to make informed, rational judgments and cannot consent to sexual activity. Incapacitation is defined as the inability, temporarily or permanently, to give consent because an individual is mentally and/or physically helpless, asleep, unconscious, or unaware that sexual activity is occurring. In addition, persons with certain intellectual or developmental disabilities may not have the capacity to give consent. Consent cannot be obtained by taking advantage of another individual’s Incapacitation.
Where alcohol or other drugs are involved, Incapacitation is a state beyond intoxication. The impact of alcohol and other drugs varies from person to person; however, warning signs that a person may be approaching Incapacitation may include slurred speech, vomiting, unsteady balance, strong odor of alcohol, combativeness, or emotional volatility.
Evaluating Incapacitation requires an assessment of how the consumption of alcohol and/or drugs affects an individual’s:
In other words, a person may be considered unable to give valid consent due to Incapacitation if the person cannot appreciate the who, what, where, when, why, or how of a sexual interaction.
Evaluating Incapacitation also requires an assessment of whether a respondent was or should have been aware of the reporting party's Incapacitation based on objectively and reasonably apparent indications of impairment when viewed from the perspective of a sober, reasonable person in the respondent’s position.
Being intoxicated or impaired by drugs or alcohol is never an excuse for any Prohibited Conduct under this policy and does not diminish one’s responsibility to obtain informed and freely given consent.
Relationships in which there is a power differential produce risks for all members of the Kenyon community and undermine the professionalism of faculty and supervisors. Such relationships may raise sexual harassment concerns or suspicions that the person in power is behaving unprofessionally towards the other person in the relationship and towards other people in the classroom or workplace. Third parties may be impacted by the perception of or actual favoritism or special treatment based on the relationship.
Sexual and dating relationships in which one person has a direct supervisory or evaluative role over the other person are unacceptable and constitute personal and professional misconduct, even if both parties purport to consent to the relationship. Because of the inherent power differentials:
For the purposes of this prohibition, a ‘relationship’ includes a single date or sexual encounter. Initiating, attempting to initiate, participating in, or attempting to participate in such a relationship is a violation of this policy and may result in discipline, up to and including termination of employment.
However, the policy also recognizes that spouses and partners of employees may enroll as students at Kenyon. This section is not meant to prohibit pre-existing relationships or to prohibit employee spouses/partners from educational opportunities, but to address prohibited relationships that raise concerns of Prohibited Conduct under this policy. Spouses and domestic partners (as defined for benefits; more information available in this Human Resources PDF) of a faculty member should avoid enrolling in that faculty member’s classes and such relationships should be reported to the Provost. If circumstances require enrollment of one’s spouse or domestic partner in a class, then arrangements should be made to have another faculty member evaluate the spouse/partner’s work.
A supervisor involved in a relationship with an employee must immediately report that relationship to their own supervisor and must immediately discontinue their supervisory role.
Complaints regarding conflicts of interest or failure to report such spousal/domestic partner relationships that, in the discretion of the Title IX Coordinator in consultation with the Provost and/or Director of Human Resources, do not implicate Prohibited Conduct under this policy will be referred to the Provost (for matters involving faculty) or Director of Human Resources (for matters involving administrators or staff) for appropriate action and will be resolved outside of this policy.
Any individual may raise a concern under this provision, including an aggrieved party outside the relationship prohibited by this provision. Retaliation against persons who report concerns about such relationships is prohibited and constitutes a violation of this policy..
The College encourages prompt reporting of Prohibited Conduct — in person, by telephone, in writing or by email. At the time a report is made, a reporting party does not have to decide whether or not to request any particular course of action, nor does a reporting party need to know how to identify what happened. Choosing to make a report, and deciding how to proceed after making the report, can be a process that unfolds over time. The College provides support that can assist a reporting party in making these important decisions, and to the extent possible, will respect a reporting party's autonomy in deciding how to proceed. As explained in greater detail in Section XI.D. (Reporting Party's Request for Anonymity or that No Action/Investigation Be Pursued), the College will balance a reporting party's interest with its obligation to provide a safe and non-discriminatory environment for all members of the College community.
The College encourages all individuals to seek assistance from medical provider(s) and/or law enforcement immediately after an incident of Prohibited Conduct, whether or not the reporting party plans to pursue criminal charges. This is the best option to ensure preservation of evidence and to begin a timely response by law enforcement.
If an individual believes that the Title IX Coordinator has engaged in Prohibited Conduct or has otherwise behaved inappropriately, the individual shall contact the Chief of Staff to discuss the complaint process.
The Title IX Coordinator or Campus Safety will assist a reporting party, at the reporting party's request, in contacting local law enforcement and will cooperate with law enforcement agencies if a reporting party decides to pursue the criminal process. A reporting party has the right to notify, or decline to notify law enforcement, under VAWA. Felonies reported to the College (except to confidential resources), however, must be reported to law enforcement by the College, as required by Ohio law (Ohio Revised Code 2921.22). Under most circumstances, the reporting party may decline to participate in a law enforcement investigation.
The College’s policy, definitions, and burden of proof may differ from Ohio criminal law. A reporting party may seek resolution through the College’s resolution process, may pursue criminal action, may choose one but not the other, or may choose both options. Neither law enforcement’s determination whether or not to prosecute a respondent nor the outcome of any criminal prosecution are determinative of whether Prohibited Conduct has occurred under this policy. Proceedings under this policy may be carried out prior to, or concurrent with, civil or criminal proceedings off campus.
At the request of law enforcement, the College may agree to briefly defer its Title IX fact gathering until after the evidence gathering stage of a criminal investigation. The College will nevertheless communicate with the reporting party regarding Title IX rights, procedural options and the implementation of interim measures to assure safety and well-being. The College will promptly resume its Title IX fact gathering as soon as it is informed that law enforcement has completed its initial gathering of evidence. The College may not, by federal law, wait to address reports of sexual and gender-based harassment and violence until any external legal processes are resolved.
The College is committed to providing a variety of welcoming and accessible means so that all instances of Prohibited Conduct will be reported.
To enable the College to respond to all reports in a prompt and equitable manner, the College encourages all individuals to report any incident directly to the Title IX Coordinator. However, the College recognizes that a student or employee may choose to report to any trusted employee of the College.
All Kenyon employees (except those who are designated as confidential resources) are considered “responsible employees" under Title IX and are required to share all known information related to a report, including the identities of the parties, with the Title IX Coordinator. In addition, student employees/volunteers who have responsibility for the welfare of other students, including Community Advisors, Peer Counselors and Diversity Advisors, are required to report all known information. Other student employees who receive information within the context of their jobs are required to report to the Title IX Coordinator.
Civil Rights/Title IX Coordinator
Title IX Deputy Coordinator
740-427-5245 | firstname.lastname@example.org
Reports can also be made directly to Campus Safety (24-hour availability) during non-business hours.
Office of Campus Safety
Michael D. Sweazey, director
Campus emergency: 740-427-5555 (24 hours)
Security non-emergency administrative line: 740-427-5000 or 740-427-5109
Any individual may make an anonymous report concerning an act of Prohibited Conduct. A report can be made without disclosing one’s own name, identifying the respondent, or requesting any action. Depending on the level of information available about the incident or the individuals involved, anonymous reporting may limit the College’s ability to respond or take further action.
Anonymous reports can be submitted through the College’s website. Follow-up communications with the person submitting the anonymous report are not possible unless contact information is provided.
As with all other reports, anonymous reports will be shared with the Title IX Coordinator. Where there is sufficient information, the College will ensure that anonymous reports are reviewed and included for compliance with the Clery Act.
All College employees, including confidential resources, are required to immediately report any knowledge or reasonable suspicion of child abuse or neglect to the Title IX Coordinator and the Director of Campus Safety. In Ohio, a child is defined as anyone under 18. In addition to notifying the Title IX Coordinator and Director of Campus Safety, College employees must make a direct report to:
Knox County Children’s Services Child Abuse Hotline
24-hour hotline: 740-392-5437
The source of abuse does not need to be known in order to file a report, nor is there a requirement that there is actual evidence of abuse before making a report.
1. Timeliness of Report
In order to maximize the College's ability to respond promptly and effectively, all those impacted by Prohibited Conduct are encouraged to report as soon as possible. There is no time limit on reporting violations of this policy, though prompt reporting by responsible employees is expected. If the reporting party or respondent is no longer a student or employee at the time of the report, the College may not be able to take disciplinary action against the respondent, but it will still seek to meet its Title IX obligation by providing support for the reporting party and taking other appropriate action to eliminate, prevent and address the effects of the Prohibited Conduct. The College will also assist a reporting party in identifying external reporting options.
2. Amnesty for Personal Use of Alcohol or Other Drugs
The College seeks to remove barriers to reporting. The College will offer any student who reports or experiences Prohibited Conduct limited immunity from being charged for policy violations related to the personal ingestion of alcohol or other drugs, provided that any such violations did not and do not place the health and safety of any person at risk. The College may choose, however, to pursue educational or therapeutic remedies for those individuals.
Upon receipt of a report of Prohibited Conduct, the College may impose reasonable and appropriate interim measures designed to eliminate the reported hostile environment and protect the parties involved. Interim measures may be both remedial (designed to address either party’s well-being and continued access to educational and employment opportunities) or protective (involving action against a responding party). Remedial measures are available regardless of whether the reporting party chooses to pursue any action under this policy. The Title IX Coordinator will maintain the privacy of any interim measures provided under this policy to the extent possible and will promptly address any violation of the protective measures.
A reporting party or respondent may request separation or other protection, or the College may choose to impose interim measures at its discretion to maintain the safety of all parties, eliminate a hostile environment, and/or protect the integrity of the process. The Title IX Coordinator will oversee and implement the provision of interim measures and remedies. If an interim measure involves immediate removal of the respondent from campus, the Title IX Coordinator will consult with the appropriate division head who would not typically serve as the adjudicator (i.e., Dean of Students for students, Senior Associate Provost for faculty and Vice President of Finance for staff). The Title IX Coordinator has the discretion to ensure the appropriateness of any interim measure based on all available information, and is available to meet with a reporting party or respondent to address any concerns about the provision of interim measures.
All individuals are encouraged to report concerns about the failure of another individual to abide by any restrictions imposed by an interim measure. The College will take immediate and responsive action to enforce a previously implemented interim measure and disciplinary sanctions may be imposed for failing to abide by a College-imposed measure.
Potential interim measures, implemented on behalf of the reporting party and/or the respondent to the extent reasonably available and warranted by the circumstances, include, but are not limited to:
Whenever a student’s or group’s alleged actions and/or activities are viewed as threatening or potentially injurious to the well-being or property of members of the Kenyon College community or to the property or orderly functions of Kenyon College, the Title IX Coordinator, in consultation with the Dean of Students, may impose interim (temporary) restricted access of a student or a group prior to the formal investigation or resolution of an alleged violation of College policy and/or pending the outcome of the resolution of a report. Interim restricted access is not disciplinary in nature and is not recorded on the respondent’s transcript.
If a respondent student wishes to challenge interim restricted access, the respondent shall provide written notice of such challenge, including their reasons, to the Title IX Coordinator within 2 business days of receiving notice of the restrictions. The Title IX Coordinator, in conjunction with the Dean of Students (or designee), shall meet with the student and an advisor of the student’s choice. The purpose of the meeting is to permit the student to respond to the restriction/s. The location of the meeting will be determined by the Title IX Coordinator and may occur via telephone or video-conference. Within one business day of the meeting, the Title IX Coordinator and Dean of Students shall again consult regarding the interim restricted access. The Title IX Coordinator will notify the student in writing of the resulting restrictions.
Similarly, the Title IX Coordinator in consultation with the appropriate division head who would not typically serve as the adjudicator (i.e., Dean of Students for students, and Associate Provost for faculty, and Vice President of Finance for staff) may impose leave for any employee at their discretion prior to the formal investigation or resolution of a report. Such leave will be structured at the College’s discretion in consultation with the appropriate department head.
The College’s response to reports under this policy will be guided by principles of fairness and respect for all parties. In every case, the College will conduct an assessment and determine the most appropriate manner of resolution under the policy. The College recognizes that in some circumstances, due to aspects of a particular case, strict compliance with the policy may create unexpected conflicts of interest or raise other concerns about the fairness of the typical process. The Title IX Coordinator is empowered to adjust the process, with notice to the parties, as necessary to provide an adequate, reliable, thorough, and impartial investigation.
Resources are available for both parties, whether as a complainant or respondent, to provide guidance throughout the investigation and resolution of the report. Both respondents and complainants are entitled to an advisor of their choice throughout the process. The Title IX Coordinator will provide the complainant and the respondent with an overview of available resources and options at their first meeting.
Withdrawal, resignation, graduation, retirement, or other departure of a complainant or respondent from the College after a report has been made will not discontinue the review, investigation, and/or resolution of the report or complaint. A respondent who separates from the College under any circumstance is not eligible for re-admittance or re-employment until they have successfully completed the terms of any sanctions imposed.
In any report, assessment, investigation or resolution under this policy, both a complainant and a respondent can expect:
Upon receipt of a report, the Title IX Coordinator will conduct an initial assessment to provide an integrated and coordinated response to reports under this policy. In the course of this initial assessment, the Title IX Coordinator will consider the interest of the reporting party and their expressed preference for the manner of resolution, as well as the College’s broader obligation to maintain a safe campus free from harassment and discrimination. Where possible, the College will seek to resolve reports under this policy in a manner consistent with the reporting party's request.
As part of the initial assessment, the Title IX Coordinator will:
The initial review will proceed to the point at which a reasonable assessment of the safety of the individual and of the campus community can be made, and the Title IX Coordinator has sufficient information to determine the appropriate manner of resolution.
At the conclusion of the assessment, the Title IX Coordinator, will determine the appropriate manner of resolution. If the reported information would not support a violation of Prohibited Conduct, accepting all reported information as true, the Title IX Coordinator may decline to pursue an investigation, and, when appropriate, refer the incident to the relevant College office. It is at the discretion of the Title IX Coordinator to determine which method of resolution is appropriate.
The Title IX Coordinator will communicate the decided upon manner of resolution to the reporting party in writing. Depending on the circumstances and requested resolution, the respondent may or may not be notified of the report or resolution. A respondent will be notified when the action would impact a respondent, such as protective measures that restrict the respondent’s movement on campus, the initiation of an investigation or the decision to involve the respondent in a formal process. If an investigation is initiated, the respondent and complainant will be informed of the nature of the alleged conduct and/or potential charges being investigated as detailed in section XI.F.1.
Both complainants and respondents may be supported by an advisor of choice during the resolution of a report under this policy. The advisor may be an attorney. Any person who serves as an advisor should be available for meetings, telephone calls, and/or video calls throughout the process. The advisor is a silent and non-participating presence who is there solely to observe and provide support during the investigative process. The College has the right at all times to determine what constitutes appropriate behavior on the part of an advisor. Prior to participating in any meeting, the advisor will be required to meet with or speak with the Title IX Coordinator (or designee) for an orientation to the College’s policies and procedures, privacy protections and expected participation and decorum. The complainant or respondent may be present for this meeting. The advisor may not be a fact witness or otherwise have any conflicting role in the process. All communication shared with the investigators must come directly from the complainant or respondent.
The Title IX Coordinator will take all reasonable steps to investigate and respond to the report consistent with the reporting party's request where possible. Where a reporting party makes a report but requests that a name or other identifiable information not be shared with the respondent or that no formal action be taken, the College’s ability to respond may be limited by the request. The College will balance this request with its dual obligation to provide a safe and non-discriminatory environment for all Kenyon College community members.
In making this determination, the Title IX Coordinator will consider, among other factors:
Where the College is unable to take action consistent with the request of the reporting party, the Title IX Coordinator will inform the reporting party about the chosen course of action, which may include the College initiating an investigation into whether a policy violation occurred. Alternatively, the course of action may include a form of Informal Resolution, which will include steps to eliminate the effects of the Prohibited Conduct and prevent its recurrence that do not involve formal disciplinary action against a respondent or revealing the identity of the reporting party.
The Informal Resolution process is designed to eliminate a hostile environment without taking formal disciplinary action against a respondent. Where the initial assessment concludes that Informal Resolution may be appropriate, the College will take immediate and corrective action through the imposition of individual and community remedies designed to maximize the reporting party's access to the educational, co-curricular and employment activities at the College and to eliminate a hostile environment.
Participation in Informal Resolution is voluntary, and either party can request to end Informal Resolution at any time. Pursuing Informal Resolution does not preclude later use of Formal Resolution if the Informal Resolution fails to achieve a resolution acceptable to the parties and the College, or if the informal agreement is violated. The Title IX Coordinator may refer a report for Formal Resolution at any time and retains the discretion to determine the type of Informal Resolution that may be appropriate in a specific case.
As part of Informal Resolution, the Title IX Coordinator may:
Remedies may include any option outlined in Section X: Interim Measures. Other potential remedies include targeted or broad-based educational programming or training, supported direct confrontation of the respondent and/or indirect action by the Title IX Coordinator or the College. Depending on the form of resolution, it may be possible for a reporting party to maintain anonymity.
There are two primary types of Informal Resolution: Facilitated Agreement, and Mediation. Neither may be used to resolve a report of Non-Consensual Sexual Intercourse. In an Informal Resolution, the parties are not compelled to engage in the process, to directly confront each other, or to participate in any particular form of Informal Resolution.
In Facilitated Agreement, the Title IX Coordinator or designee generally acts as a facilitator to work with the parties to reach an agreement outlining a resolution. In Mediation, a mediator conducts a confidential mediation between the parties to reach a binding legal agreement that may be enforced in court. Informal Resolution agreements are signed by the parties and the Title IX Coordinator and are enforced by the College. If the agreement includes disciplinary probation, suspension, or dismissal, this will be recorded in the respondent’s disciplinary record.
At the discretion of the Title IX Coordinator, after an investigation or Formal Resolution of a report has begun, a complainant and respondent may agree to pursue Informal Resolution.
The Title IX Coordinator will maintain records of all reports and conduct referred for Informal Resolution, which will typically be completed within thirty (30) calendar days of the initial report. When the respondent is a student, an Informal Resolution will not be recorded in the respondent’s student file in the Dean of Students Office, unless the respondent agrees to have it recorded. When the respondent is an employee, a notation will be made in the employee's file maintained by the Office of Human Resources and/or the Provost's Office.
Where the Title IX Coordinator concludes that Formal Resolution is appropriate, the College will initiate an investigation. The Title IX Coordinator will identify the potential violations and prepare the initial notification of charges. Any non-sexual conduct charges will be determined in consultation with the appropriate administrator (Director of Student Rights and Responsibilities, Human Resources Director, or Provost) and will be investigated and, if appropriate, adjudicated and/or appealed pursuant to this policy, provided that it does not unduly delay resolution under this policy.
The College may delay granting a diploma otherwise earned until the completion of all phases of a formal resolution including completion of an appeal and/or any sanctions imposed.
The complainant and respondent will receive written notice that an investigation has been initiated. The notice of investigation will include the identities of the parties involved, the specific section/s of the policy allegedly violated, the precise conduct allegedly constituting the potential violation, and the date and location of the alleged incident. The notice shall be provided in advance of any interview with the investigators, with sufficient time for meaningful preparation. The Title IX Coordinator, in consultation with the investigators, may amend the charges as part of the investigative process. The Title IX Coordinator will, if appropriate, issue amended charges to both parties.
The Title IX Coordinator will designate two investigators to conduct an adequate, reliable and impartial investigation, one of whom will be a College employee. Any investigator used by the College must have specific training and experience investigating reports of Prohibited Conduct. The College may engage an external investigator as one of the two assigned investigators. The investigators will be impartial and free of any actual conflict of interest. In complex situations, the Title IX Coordinator, in consultation with the two investigators, may engage additional trained investigators to gather additional information to be considered by the primary investigators in the resolution of the complaint.
The investigators will interview the complainant and the respondent to understand the details of the reported incident. The investigators, in their discretion, will conduct other fact finding and/or discussions with any other individuals who may have information relevant to the determination. Witnesses must have observed the acts in question or have information relevant to the incident and cannot be participating solely to speak about an individual’s character. The investigators will also gather any available physical evidence, including documents, communications between the parties, and other electronic records as appropriate. Audio and/or video recording of interviews is prohibited under the policy unless there is a special need for the recording and it has been approved in advance by the Title IX Coordinator.
The complainant and respondent will have an equal opportunity to be heard; submit written questions for the investigators to ask of the other party or relevant witnesses; submit information and evidence; and identify witnesses who may have relevant information. Investigators will review submitted questions and, in their discretion, may choose which questions are necessary and appropriate to the investigation and conduct any follow-up as they deem relevant.
All parties and witnesses are expected to provide truthful information. Knowingly providing false or misleading information is a violation of College policy and can subject a student or employee to disciplinary action. Making a good faith report to the College that is not later substantiated does not constitute false or misleading information.
The investigators and Title IX Coordinator have the discretion to consolidate multiple reports against a respondent into one investigation in the interests of efficiency based on the relationship between the witnesses, incidents, and/or evidence. Where multiple complainants are involved in the same investigation, each complainant will be provided only with the appropriate portion(s) of the investigative documents that relate to their individual complaint.
A person’s medical and counseling records are privileged and confidential documents that a complainant or respondent will not be required to disclose to investigators. However, where a party chooses to share medical and counseling records as part of the investigation, the records will be shared with the other party subject to redaction requirements as detailed in section XI.F.2.
In gathering the facts, the investigators may consider similar prior or subsequent reports of, or findings of responsibility for, similar conduct by the respondent to the extent such information is relevant. Such patterns may indicate a heightened risk to the campus community, and therefore can be taken into account during an investigation. If the Title IX Coordinator determines that there may be a pattern of behavior, the Title IX Coordinator may, in their discretion, offer the information to the investigators for the limited purpose of consideration as pattern evidence. The investigators may then, in their discretion, determine whether such evidence is or may be relevant to determine whether a policy violation occurred with respect to the allegations being investigated based on an assessment of whether the previous or subsequent conduct was substantially similar to the conduct under investigation or indicates a pattern of similar Prohibited Conduct. Prior or subsequent conduct of the respondent may also be considered in determining other relevant issues, including knowledge, intent, motive, or absence of mistake.
The sexual history of the complainant and respondent will never be used to prove character or reputation. Moreover, evidence related to the prior sexual history of either of the parties is generally not relevant to the determination of a policy violation and will only be considered in very limited circumstances. For example, if the existence of consent is at issue, the sexual history between the parties may be relevant to help understand the manner and nature of communications between the parties and the context of the relationship, which may have bearing on whether consent was sought and given during the incident in question. However, even in the context of a relationship, consent to one sexual act does not, by itself, constitute consent to another sexual act, and consent on one occasion does not, by itself, constitute consent on a subsequent occasion. In addition, under very limited circumstances, prior sexual history may be relevant to explain the presence of a physical injury or to help resolve another question raised by the report.
Any party seeking to introduce information about prior sexual history or pattern evidence should bring this information to the attention of the investigators at the earliest opportunity. While the investigators may explore relevant areas of inquiry, the Title IX Coordinator has the discretion to make the final determination whether evidence of prior sexual history or other misconduct is relevant to the determination regarding responsibility.
At any time, the respondent may choose to agree to a finding of responsibility to some or all of the charged conduct. The matter will be referred to an Adjudicator to determine the appropriate sanction as set forth below:
The College will seek to complete the investigation within forty-five (45) calendar days from the notice of investigation, but this time frame may be extended for good cause with written notice to the parties of the delay and the reason for the delay. Good cause may include the complexity of the allegations, the number of witnesses involved, the availability of the parties or witnesses, the effect of a concurrent criminal investigation, any intervening school break or vacation, or other unforeseen circumstances. Best efforts will be made to complete the process in a timely manner by balancing principles of thoroughness and fundamental fairness with promptness.
2. Review of Investigation and Initial Investigative Report
At the conclusion of the investigation, the investigators will prepare a preliminary written investigation report that summarizes the relevant information gathered and synthesizes the areas of agreement and disagreement between the parties and any supporting information or accounts. In preparing the report, the investigators will:
The Title IX Coordinator will share the initial investigative report with the complainant and respondent to provide each the opportunity for review before the report is finalized. Due to the privacy of all those involved, shared documents will not be printable, downloadable or shareable by the parties. Exceptions may be made in compliance with Section 504.
The complainant and respondent may request that they be re-interviewed. The complainant and respondent may, in writing, submit any additional comments, witnesses, evidence, or suggested follow-up questions to the investigators within five (5) business days of the opportunity to review the report. Upon receipt of any additional information from the complainant or respondent, or after the five (5) business day period has lapsed without comment, the investigators will conduct any additional follow-up that they deem appropriate.
3. Determination of Responsibility
The investigators will make a determination, by a preponderance of the evidence, whether there is sufficient information to support a finding of responsibility. The investigators finding, and the rationale for the finding, will be included in the final investigative report which will be shared with the complainant and the respondent by the Title IX Coordinator. The preponderance of the evidence is the standard whereby all relevant and admissible information is found to support, more likely than not, the allegations.
If the investigators determine by a preponderance of the evidence that there is insufficient information to find the respondent responsible for violating this or other policies, the complainant may appeal this outcome following the procedures set forth in Section E (Appeals).
If the investigators determine, by a preponderance of the evidence, that there is sufficient information to find the respondent responsible for violating this or other policies, the matter will be referred to an Adjudicator to determine the appropriate sanction. The Title IX Coordinator will notify the Registrar to place a hold on the respondent’s transcript until the sanction has been issued by the Adjudicator.
If the investigators determine, by a preponderance of the evidence, that there is sufficient information to find the respondent responsible for Non-Consensual Sexual Intercourse, the respondent will be immediately placed on restricted access, the restrictions of which will be determined by the Title IX Coordinator on a case-by-case basis. Restricted access for other findings will be determined on a case-by-case basis.
The Adjudicator is determined by the status of the respondent:
The Adjudicator must be a neutral and impartial decision-maker. The parties will be informed, in writing, of the specific Adjudicator assigned to determine sanction. Within 1 calendar day of receiving the notice of the designated Adjudicator, the complainant and the respondent may submit a written request to the Title IX Coordinator to replace the named Adjudicator, if there are reasonable articulable grounds to establish bias, conflict of interest or an inability to be fair and impartial. The designated Adjudicator will only be replaced if the Title IX Coordinator determines that their bias precludes impartiality or constitutes conflict. Additionally, an Adjudicator who has reason to believe they cannot make an objective determination must recuse themselves.
In determining the appropriate sanctions, the Adjudicator will:
The Adjudicator will impose a sanction based upon a full consideration of the following factors: (1) the respondent’s prior conduct history; (2) how the College has sanctioned similar incidents in the past; (3) the nature and violence of the conduct at issue; (4) the impact of the conduct on the complainant; (5) the impact of the conduct on the community, its members, or its property; (6) whether the respondent has accepted responsibility for their actions; (7) whether the evidence, in conjunction with the prior conduct history, suggests that the respondent is reasonably likely to engage in the same or similar conduct in the future; (8) the need to deter similar conduct by others; and (9) any other mitigating or aggravating circumstances, including the College’s values.
The imposition of sanctions will typically take effect immediately, but may be stayed at the discretion of the Adjudicator in consultation with the Title IX Coordinator. A respondent who separates from the College under any circumstance is not eligible for re-admittance or re-employment until they have successfully completed the terms of any sanctions imposed.
A transcript notation of Suspension or Dismissal will be noted at the time the sanction is imposed. If an appeal reverses the decision, the notation will be removed.
For a student employee who is acting within the scope of their employment at the time of the incident, the sanction may include any permissible sanction as a student or an employee.
6. Timeframe for Resolution
The College will seek to complete the adjudication (imposition of sanction) within 10 calendar days of the notice of referral to adjudication, but this time frame may be extended for good cause with written notice to the parties of the delay and the reason for the delay.
7. Notice of Outcome
The Adjudicator’s written determination of the outcome, the sanction and the rationale for each will be provided to the complainant and respondent by the Adjudicator. The complainant and respondent will be informed of any sanctions, the date by which the requirements must be satisfied (if applicable), and the consequences of failure to satisfy the requirements.
The outcome letter will also provide each party with their appeal options. If, under extenuating circumstances, there are any changes to the outcome, both parties will be simultaneously notified at the earliest possible time. The College may also notify appropriate College officials, including a direct supervisor of a sanction, as necessary to implement the outcome and/or sanctions.
A complainant and respondent may each appeal the outcome, including the investigators’ finding of responsibility (or no responsibility). In a request for an appeal, the burden of proof lies with the party requesting the appeal. Dissatisfaction with the outcome of the investigation is not grounds for appeal. The limited grounds for appeal are as follows:
The Appeal Officer is the Vice President for Student Affairs. The alternate Appeal Officer is determined by the status of the respondent:
The Appeal Officer must be a neutral and impartial decision-maker. The parties will be informed, in writing, of the specific Appeal Officer. Within 1 calendar day of receiving the notice of the designated Appeal Officer, the complainant and the respondent may submit a written request to the Title IX Coordinator to replace the named Appeal Officer, if there are reasonable articulable grounds to establish bias, conflict of interest or an inability to be fair and impartial. The designated Appeal Officer will only be replaced if the Title IX Coordinator determines their bias precludes impartiality or constitutes conflict. Additionally, An Appeal Officer who has reason to believe they cannot make an objective determination must recuse themselves.
A complainant or respondent must submit a written appeal to both the Title IX Coordinator and Appeal Officer within 5 business days of receipt of the Notice of Outcome. The written appeal must include the specific basis for the appeal and any information or argument in support of the appeal.
Upon receipt of the appeal, Title IX Coordinator will provide the other party notice of the appeal and the opportunity to respond in writing to the appeal. Any response to the appeal must be submitted within 3 business days from the other party’s receipt of the appeal.
The Appeal Officer will make a decision regarding the written appeal and, within 10 business days of receipt of all appeal documents, notify the complainant and the respondent of the outcome. The Appeal Officer may:
Appeal decisions are final. In compliance with FERPA, access to all initial and final investigative reports will be removed once the appeals process has been completed.
All appeal deadlines may be extended for good cause by the Title IX Coordinator. Any extension will be communicated to the parties.
Records will be maintained regarding the report, the investigation, evidence presented during the disciplinary process, the outcome of the disciplinary process, the outcome of any appeal, and any temporary and permanent remedies put in place by the College to address the Prohibited Conduct. Such records will be maintained by the Title IX Coordinator and, if a student is found responsible for conduct prohibited by this policy, by the College for at least nine years after the last party graduates, leaves the employment of the College, or otherwise is no longer a student or employee. Such records will be accessible only to the extent permissible under applicable records confidentiality and disclosure laws, including the Family and Educational Rights and Privacy Act, 20 U.S.C. 1232g, and the Clery Act, 20 U.S.C. 1092(f).
Kenyon College recognizes that the most effective way to achieve a community free of sexual and gender-based discrimination, harassment, violence, intimate partner violence and stalking is to equip all community members with the skills to recognize and prevent these prohibited forms of conduct. The College is also committed to the protection of minors and the prevention of child abuse.
Throughout the year the College offers educational programs to promote awareness of sexual and gender-based harassment and violence, stalking and intimate partner violence. Prevention programs include an overview of the College’s policies and procedures, relevant definitions, including Prohibited Conduct, consent, discussion of the impact of alcohol and illegal drug use, safe and positive options for bystander intervention, and information about risk reduction. Incoming first-year students and new employees will receive primary prevention and awareness programming as part of their orientation.
Kenyon College offers regular primary prevention programs and ongoing education and awareness programs for all students and employees. Employees who play a key role in implementing the policy, including those faculty and staff who are likely to receive reports of Prohibited Conduct will receive regular in-depth training to ensure a timely, sensitive, respectful, and effective institutional response. The College is committed to ensuring that all employees understand how to respond to these reports of this nature.
The Title IX Coordinator is responsible for oversight, coordination, and assessment of prevention and training programs on campus, in collaboration with appropriate departments and personnel.
Changes in procedures, including relevant definitions, to this policy will be presented to the community for their review and comment 30 days prior to their implementation. Non-procedural changes will be made by the Kenyon College Civil Rights Office.
1. When used in this policy, reporting party refers to either the individual making a report but not the target of the incident(s) or to the person making a report who was the target of the incident(s). A complainant refers to the party/parties who was/were the target of the reported incident(s). In addition, the College may serve as a complainant. The person who is the target of the behavior may participate in all aspects of the process, including the appeal, when the College serves as the complainant. The term “complainant” is used when a Formal Investigation is being pursued. A respondent refers to the individual(s) accused of Prohibited Conduct.
2. Prohibited Conduct encompasses many forms of sexual misconduct, as the term was defined under prior Kenyon policies. Prohibited Conduct reflects the broader range of conduct covered by this policy, which includes sexual misconduct, intimate partner violence, stalking and retaliation.