A Style Guide
Papers must be typed, double spaced. All foreign terms should be italicized or underlined. Number the pages.
Margins are important for purposes of copying and for making comments. Leave at least one inch on each side and one and one-half inches at top and bottom, but please do not justify the right margin. Be careful not to run off the bottom of the paper.
Papers should consist of a title page, the body of the paper, Notes (if any), and References Cited. A page at the end of the paper called "Notes" lists entries that correspond to numbers within the text. These end notes allow you to elaborate or qualify something that would be cumbersome or digressive within the paper. A section entitled "References Cited" lists all and only those references you actually cited in the paper. It is not a bibliography of everything you might have read in the course of doing the research.
"Within the paper, cite your sources according to this format" (Kipp 1985:33). (Note the placement of the quotation marks, the parentheses, and the punctuation.) If you use a direct quote or otherwise want to be specific, you need to provide the page number, but if you do not use a direct quote, you can just include the author and year (Suggs 1985). For a web site, find the author whenever you can. The first web site listed below here as an example, might be cited as (Hodges 1998) within the text. If you cannot find an author, cite the organization or the first significant word in the URL. The second web site below gives you an example of article on the web with no author. You might cite it this way (Geography 1999). The point, as always, is to provide a parenthetical entry in the text that will be easy for the reader to match with a full citation in your list of References Cited.
Below are examples of citations for articles in journals, articles in books, books, documents from electronic resources, archival documents, and interviews. This not an exhaustive list of examples, however, so consult The Chicago Manual of Style for other cases. For models, look at the References Cited section of any paper published in American Anthropologist, or consult volume 97 (1):191-194 of the same journal to find "A Style Guide and Information for Authors," available also at the AAA website. (Examples of how to cite various sources start on page 9 of this PDF file.) Please refer to The Ethics of Writing to cite sources you learned about from second hand but did not yourself consult.
- Article in a journal; Book
- Article in an edited book
- Article in an edited book
- Primary document
1998 The Not so Dark Ages. Archaeology, September/October 1998. Abstract online. Available from http://www/archaeology.org/9809/abstracts/darkages.html; accessed 4 Feb 2001.
1999. China's One-Child Rule. http://geography.about.com/library/weekly/aa092799.htm; accessed 6 January 2003.
Kipp, Rita Smith
1971 How to Write a Term Paper. Teaching Anthropology 6:34-36.
1973 The Term Paper. New York: Random House.
1991 Theories of Social Movements and Their Current Development in Soviet Society. In Jerry Eades and Caroline Schwaller, eds., Transnational Agendas: Working Papers from the Summer School for Soviet Sociologists, 1991. Centre for Social Anthropology and Computing, University of Kent at Canterbury. Monograph online. Available from http://lucy.ukc.ac.uk/csacpub/csacmonog.html; accessed 16 Dec 1998.
1985 How to Read a Term Paper. In Things Every Teacher Should Know. Ken Smail, ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 45-51.
Interview with author. Mt. Vernon, Ohio, 23 September 1993.
Women's Organization for National Prohibition Reform Papers.
Alice Belin du Pont files, Pierre S. du Pont Papers. Eleutherian Mills Historical Library, Wilmington, Delaware.